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caloric intake, dietary fiber, glycemic index, Mediterranean diet, obesity
Policaptil Gel Retard® (PGR), a natural fiber-based molecule, has been shown to prevent weight gain and ameliorate insulin-resistance indices in obese children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 12 weeks of low calories and low glycemic index (LC-LGI) diet associated or not with the intake of PGR on anthropometric, bioimpedance, and metabolic parameters. Data from 20 obese adult subjects (10 per group) were analyzed. An LC-LGI diet with or without PGR intake reduced weight, BMI, and waist circumference. PGR intake elicited a reduction in fasting plasma insulin and insulin resistance index together with an improvement in insulin sensitivity.
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