Main Article Content
fat replacement; inulin fiber; nitrite; plant extracts; nisin; fish sausage
In this study, production of low-fat, nitrite-free sausage based on Silver carp surimi was performed. In order to replace oils, inulin fiber (IF) was used; natural preservatives such as grape pomace extract (GE) and nisin (NI) were used as nitrite replacements with modified atmosphere packaging (MAP: 70% CO2 + 30% N2). For this purpose; five treatments including, T1: control, T2: control + MAP, T3: IF 5% + MAP, T4: IF5% + GE0.5% + MAP, and T5: IF5% + GE0.5% + NI 0.5% + MAP, were prepared. The physicochemical and texture properties of sausage at the beginning of storage and chemicals (Peroxide value, pH, and color index) and microbial index (Total count and psychrotrophic bacteria) during 42 days’ storage in the refrigerator (4 ± 1°C) were evaluated. The results showed that the use of natural preservatives had no effect on the physicochemical properties of the sausage (P > 0.05), but the FI had a positive effect on the texture characteristics (the firmness increased and elasticity decreased), increased moisture and ash, and reduced the fat content of sausages (P < 0.05). All in all, the best results among the treatment containing natural preservative was T5, in all microbial and chemical tests there was no significant difference with T1 (P > 0.05). All in all, a functional product with properties such as fiber and natural antioxidants, low fat and nitrite-free can be produced.
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