Aflatoxin M1 in traditional and industrial pasteurized milk samples from Tiran County, Isfahan Province A probabilistic health risk assessment

Main Article Content

Khadijeh Jafari
Ayub Ebadi Fathabad
Yadolah Fakhri
Maryam Shamsaei
Mohammad Miri
Reza Farahmandfar
Amin Mousavi Khaneghah

Keywords

aflatoxin M1; industrial and traditional; milk; risk assessment; seasonal variation

Abstract

In this study, the aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) concentration in traditional and industrial milk and risk assessment due to AFM1 exposure using the Monte Carlo simulations technique was investigated. The mean concentration of AFM1 in traditional and industrial milk samples was 53.00 ± 11.49 and 54.33 ± 12.22 ng/L, respectively, which was higher than European Union and Codex standards. Percentile 95% of hazard quotient (HQ) adults and children due to industrial ingestion milk was 1.056 and 4.956, and traditional milk was 1.031 and 5.116, respectively. Hazard quotient in all age consumers was higher than 1. Therefore, consumers are at a considerable health risk.

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