Factors affecting the cooking quality of stored carioca beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Main Article Content

Juliana Aparecida Correia Bento
Karen Carvalho Ferreira
Priscila Zaczuk Bassinello
B. Dave Oomah

Keywords

browning, cooking time, polyphenolic compounds, quality loss, storage

Abstract

The culinary quality of carioca beans is related to their market value and consumer acceptability. The depreciation of the cooking/technological quality of the product occurs mainly because of the integument browning and the longer cooking time of the grains, which are influenced by the storage time and conditions. The loss of culinary quality reduces the market value of carioca beans because consumers reject darkened grains that are attributed to a longer cooking time. As a result, cooking time (resistance to cooking), the color of the integument, and the texture of the cooked beans are determinant factors in the acceptance of carioca bean cultivars. The browning of the grain integument and the cooking time mainly depends on the environmental conditions, storage time, the tegument of each genotype, and the chemical and physical properties of the cotyledons. Therefore, this review aims to survey the scientific literature on the extrinsic and intrinsic factors that affect the culinary quality of carioca beans.

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