Main Article Content
alcoholic drinks, allergy, intolerance, Italy, survey, wine
Intolerance to wine has been investigated under different aspects. In our study, we explored intolerance/allergy reactions in Italy by means of a survey including 901 questionnaires.
Prevalence of wine or beer intolerance was 6%, of which 11 reported that was verified by a doctor. Odds ratio for wine intolerance with another declared allergy/intolerance is 1.6.
In conclusion, we observed a high prevalence of intolerance to wine in Italy, highlighting that some sections of the population (young people and women) may be more exposed to these phenomena.
Ayres J.G. and Clark T.J.H. 1983. Alcoholic drinks and asthma: A survey. Br. J. Dis. Chest. 77:370-375.
Bansal R.A., Tadros S. and Bansal A.S. 2017. Beer, Cider, and Wine Allergy. Case Reports Immunol. 2017:1-4.
Böhn L., Störsrud S., Törnblom H., Bengtsson U. and Simrén M. 2013. Self-reported food-related gastrointestinal symptoms in IBS are common and associated with more severe symptoms and reduced quality of life. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 108:634-641.
Cardet J.C., White A.A., Barrett N.A., Feldweg A.M., Wickner P.G., Savage J., Bhattacharyya N. and Laidlaw T.M. 2014. Alcohol-induced respiratory symptoms are common in patients with aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. Pract. 2:208-213.e2.
Jaeckels N., Bellinghausen I., Fronk P., Heydenreich B., Saloga J. and Decker H. 2015. Assessment of sensitization to grape and wine allergens as possible causes of adverse reactions to wine: a pilot study. Clin. Transl. Allergy 5:21.
Jarisch R. and Wantke F. 1996. Wine and Headache. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol.110:7-12.
Kanny G., Gerbaux V., Olszewski A., Frémont S., Empereur F., Nabet F., Cabanis J.C. and Moneret-Vautrin D.A. 2001.No correlation between wine intolerance and histamine content of wine. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 107:375-378.
Linneberg A., Berg N.D., Gonzalez-Quintela A., Vidal C. and Elberling J. 2008. Prevalence of self-reported hypersensitivity symptoms following intake of alcoholic drinks. Clin. Exp. Allergy 38:145-151.
Niestijl Jansen J.J., Kardinaal A.F.M., Huijbers G., Vlieg-Boerstra B.J., Martens B.P.M. and Ockhuizen T. 1994. Prevalence of food allergy and intolerance in the adult Dutch population. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 93:446-456.
Nihlen U., Greiff L.J., Nyberg P., Persson C.G.A. and Andersson M. 2005. Alcohol-induced upper airway symptoms: Prevalence and co-morbidity. Respir. Med. 99:762-769.
Rohn L., Page L., Borck H., Horr B. and Diel F. 2005. Can histamine be tasted in wine? Inflamm. Res. 54:7-9.
Rolland J.M., Apostolou E., Deckert K., de Leon M.P, Douglass J.A., Glaspole I.N., Bailey M., Stockley C.S. and O'Hehir R.E. 2006. Potential Food Allergens in Wine: Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial and Basophil Activation Analysis. Nutrition 22:882-8.
Ronksley P.E., Brien S.E., Turner B.J., Mukamal K.J. and Ghali W.A. 2011. Association of alcohol consumption with selected cardiovascular disease outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Bmj 342:479.
Vally H., Carr A., El-Saleh J. and Thompson P. 1999. Wine-induced asthma: A placebo-controlled assessment of its pathogenesis. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 103:41-46.
Vally H., De Klerk N. and Thompson P.J. 2000. Alcoholic drinks: Important triggers for asthma. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 105:462-467.
Vally H. and Thompson P.J. 2001. Role of sulfite additives in wine induced asthma: single dose and cumulative dose studies. Thorax. 56:763-769.
Wantke F., Hemmer W., Haglmuller T., Gotz M. and Jarisch R. 1996. Histamine in wine: Bronchoconstriction after a double blind placebo controlled red wine provocation test. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 97:238-238.
Wantke F., Hemmer W., Haglmüller T., Götz, M. and Jarisch, R. 1996. Histamine in Wine. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 110:397-400.
Wigand P., Blettner M., Saloga J. and Decker H. 2012. Prevalence of Wine Intolerance. Dtsch. Arztebl. Int. 109:437-444.
Wüthrich B. 2018. Allergic and intolerance reactions to wine. Allergol. Sel. 2:1-9.